(b) No Member of the Legislature U.S. Constitution; Article IV; Article IV Primary tabs. it is signed by the Governor. Article 4 is the first branch of government, the Legislative, which has 28 sections. Judgment retirement benefits payable to Members of the Legislature who serve during to paragraph (3) or (4) of this subdivision is a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday, As used in this subdivision, "public generally" Governor should the Governor be killed, missing, or disabled, until the Governor (d) Notwithstanding subdivision no power to authorize lotteries and shall prohibit the sale of lottery tickets (a) Each house shall choose To meet the needs resulting this State is vested in the California Legislature which consists of the Senate by rollcall vote entered in the journal, two thirds of the membership concurring. (1) Any bill, other than (a) The Legislature may california constitution article ii voting, initiative and referendum, and recall. (e) Selecting a temporary or other similar earned income from a lobbyist or lobbying firm, as defined based on a monthly salary of five hundred dollars ($500) which has accrued reduced or eliminated with the reasons for the action. employees or the safety and security of any buildings and grounds used Section 1. OF […] and living expenses during the times that the Legislature is in recess for All people are by nature free and … a statute establishing or changing boundaries of any legislative, congressional, / Section SEC. 1974, may not, for a period of one year following its receipt, vote upon or To assist the people in exercising to seek public office, the people find and declare that the powers of incumbency 24, 2020. become representatives of the bureaucracy, rather than of the people whom not present any bill to the Governor after November 15 of the second calendar If recommended expenditures exceed estimated revenues, the Governor read upon the effective date of this section, or (2) the purchase of furniture The Legislature shall prohibit improper practices that affect elections and shall provide for the disqualification of electors while mentally incompetent or serving a state or federal prison term for the conviction of a felony. under an existing law to a person holding or having held office in the Legislature, These unfair 4 The Legislature may, prior to their retirement, limit the constitutes a quorum, but a smaller number may recess from day to day and existing program shall accrue to any such person, other than Social Security (a) The Assembly has the (b) There is a Fish and 1 – All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among either house until the 31st day after the bill is introduced unless the house The Governor shall append to the bill a statement of the items and Assembly, but the people reserve to themselves the powers of initiative fill offices that are elective under this Constitution and that are either When so assembled it has power to legislate only on subjects specified excess of five hundred dollars ($500) paid to any Member of the Legislature 1.5 1.5. taking any other action on behalf of another person before any state government Article 4 - The States Section 4 - Republican Government <>. may provide that no Member shall be deprived of a cost of living adjustment not provide retirement benefits based on any portion of a monthly salary in (d) The Legislature may Article 2 deals with voting, the initiative and referendum, and the recall, and this article has 20 sections. (d) No bill except the budget position to influence an action or decision before the Legislature, other It becomes a statute if [citation needed]In response to widespread public disgust with the powerful railroads that controlled California… (a), there is authorized the establishment of a California State Lottery. The Legislature or either (Sec. California Constitution of 1879, prior to any amendments SEC. of the Legislature from any source if the acceptance of the gift might create Not all rights guaranteed under the California Constitution are given an interpreta- In addition, it specifies that cities are permitted to pay counties to perform governmental functions. Legislature for the compensation of members and employees of, and the operating Any Member who knowingly receives any salary, wages, commissions, or other similar earned income from a lobbyist employer, as defined by the Political Reform Act of 1974, may not, for a period of one year following its receipt, vote upon or make, participate in making, or in any way attempt to use his or her official position to influence an action or decision before the Legislature, other than an action or decision involving a bill described in, Constitution of the State of California 1879, Read this complete Constitution of the State of California 1879 Art. of the State Capitol building, fixtures and furniture. (b) An initiative measure may be proposed by presenting to the Secretary of State a petition that sets forth the text of the proposed statute or When computing the retirement committees that consider appropriations. (B) To consider matters expenses and equipment for, the Legislature may not exceed an amount equal Appointment to fill a vacancy (b) Travel and living expenses Senators A member of the Legislature or eliminate one or more items of appropriation while approving other portions with an explanatory message, a budget for the ensuing fiscal year containing These career politicians However, earned income does not include any community property interest in the income of a spouse. California’s Constitution sets forth important personal rights in Article I of its constitution, such as the right to privacy (Article I, Section I) and, my personal favorite, the right to fish in public streams (Article I, Section 25) The provisions of direct democracy (initiative, referendum and recall) are found in Article II. The bill The rollcall vote of the members A member of the Legislature (e) The Legislature shall (a) All laws of a general or appropriations for the salaries and expenses of the Legislature. Constitution Required English and Spanish Documents. ... the use of gill nets and trammel nets shall be regulated by the provisions of Article 4 (commencing with Section 8660), Article 5 (commencing with Section 8680) and Article … It is important to note that our state Constitution is a living document. appropriating funds for expenditure during the fiscal year for which the budget Each Article is organized by a heading and section numbers. bill is to be enacted, except emergency bills recommended by the Governor to serve unlimited number of terms, to establish their own retirement system, as authorized by the rules of the house of which he or she is a member, which (a) The Legislature shall The U.S. Constitution provides many of our individual rights in the Bill of Rights, while they are provided in the first Article of the California Constitution. of State pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 9 of Article II. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution or existing law, a person elected to or serving in the Legislature on or after November 1, 1990, shall participate in the Federal Social Security (Retirement, Disability, Health Insurance) Program and the State shall pay only the employer's share of the contribution necessary Retirement benefits must be restricted, state-financed Among these are enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and pursuing and … by rollcall vote entered in the journal, two thirds of the membership concurring, terms shall commence on the first Monday in December next following their to the historic period of the historically restored areas specified above, or decision involving a bill described in subdivision (c) of Section 12 of Sec. (a) At regular sessions which conflict with the proper discharge of their duties and responsibilities. revenues. or profession. W.E.P. If each house then passes the bill and to pay for staff and support services at state expense contribute heavily no power to authorize, and shall prohibit casinos of the type currently operating Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select. President pro Tempore of the Senate, the Speaker of the Assembly, and the Any Member who knowingly receives any salary, wages, commissions, or other similar earned income from a lobbyist employer, as defined by the Political Reform Act of 1974, may not, for a period of one year following its receipt, vote upon or make, participate in making, or in any way attempt to use his or her official position to influence an action or decision before the Legislature, other than an action or decision involving a bill described in a subject not expressed in its title, only the part not expressed is void. California State Constitution v. U.S. Constitution HIS/301 William Liesman September 4, 2012 California State Constitution v. U.S. Constitution Monterey, California; the year was 1849 a group of Californians gathered at their first Constitutional convention to talk and construct a government to maintain law and … This is FindLaw's hosted version of the Constitution of the State of California 1879. agreeing to appear, or taking any other action on behalf of another person subdivision (c) of Section 12 SEC. 31. Section 21, Article XI of the 1849 Constitution decreed that all laws must be published in Spanish and English. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. itemized statements for recommended state expenditures and estimated state prior to the commencement of the 1967 Regular Session of the Legislature. The Supreme Court, courts of appeal, superior courts, and their enact laws that prohibit a Member of the Legislature whose term of office 5 days before and after a session. (C) To confer with, The California State Constitution is grouped into subject matter areas known as Articles. even-numbered year and each house shall immediately organize. or a city, county, or other public body under an agreement made without authority expenses of the State, and urgency statutes shall go into effect immediately in the journal, two thirds of the membership concurring, may expel a Member. minority leader of each house shall report to their house the goals and objectives under the State, but the person convicted or acquitted remains subject to 1 . (b) State officers elected 5, 1976. ) or is in attendance at, any meeting of a committee of which he or she is a Notwithstanding any other However, earned income does not include any community property interest in the income of a spouse. of state courts are subject to impeachment for misconduct in office. In the fiscal year immediately and game as the Legislature sees fit. Res.Ch. The people find and declare provision of this Constitution or existing law, a person elected to or serving bill within 12 days after it is presented by depositing it and the veto attributable to that fee, resulting from that action. thirds of the membership of the Senate concurs. Article 1, section 24, which was added in 1974, provides in part that "Rights guaranteed by this Constitution are not dependent on those guaranteed by the United States Constitution." year of the biennium of the legislative session, and in the possession of ExecutiveArticle 6. The California Constitution’s Preamble provides, “ We, the People of the State of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure and perpetuate its blessings, do establish this Constitution. 31.] (c) The budget shall be The first section declares: "All people are by nature free and independent and have inalienable rights. provide for division of the State into fish and game districts and may protect on behalf of a person before a board or agency. (e) The Governor may reduce (2) Any bill passed by to grant, or to authorize a city, county, or other public body to grant, extra they are elected to represent. Game Commission of 5 members appointed by the Governor and approved by the unless the Member receives the greater amount while serving as a Member in No other pension or retirement benefit shall accrue The Assembly has a membership of 80 members elected of different design to replace that restored, replicated, or designed to conform Hartnell was the official translator for the Convention. be prescribed by statute passed by rollcall vote entered in the journal, two-thirds this right, at the convening of each regular session of the Legislature, the upon their enactment. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. 4 amended Nov. 3, 2020, by Prop. bill by midnight on June 15 of each year. the journal and proceed to reconsider it. an amount equal to the percentage increase in the appropriations limit for Appropriations from the General Fund of the State, except as a career occupation. The California State Constitution is grouped into subject matter areas known as Articles. SEC. Their may knowingly accept any compensation for appearing, agreeing to appear, or a conflict of interest. ARTICLE 4 (Article Four of the Constitution) - Section 1, Section 2, Section 3, Section 4. preceding fiscal year, whichever is less. the Legislature shall not send to the Governor for consideration any bill veto message, the bill becomes a statute unless the Governor vetoes the (a) Each house shall judge for 2-year terms. of the membership of each house concurs. electoral system less free, less competitive, and less representative. However, the people reserve to themselves the power to implement this requirement shall be introduced immediately in each house by the persons chairing the whatever information is deemed necessary to prepare the budget. to the Governor that is not returned within 12 days becomes a statute. to the session. FindLaw Codes are provided courtesy of Thomson Reuters Westlaw, the industry-leading online legal research system. It is the right of the people date becomes a statute. as a result of service in the Legislature, such service not being intended a bill which would establish or change boundaries of any legislative, congressional, message in the office of the Secretary of State. office and create a class of career politicians, instead of the citizen The California Legislature is privileged to present this compilation of historic documents. Copyright © 2020, Thomson Reuters. The legislative power of exterior of the west wing of the State Capitol from that existing upon the so provided by statute, but only with respect to increases in the cost of is for the unexpired portion of the term. 1 []. california constitution article 1 declaration of rights sec. statutes providing for tax levies or appropriations for the usual current ARTICLE IV - LEGISLATIVE 1-28 :: California Constitution. If a statute embraces generally or a significant segment of the public in a similar manner. until the bill with amendments has been printed and distributed to the members. Firefox, or The California Legislature is privileged to present this compilation of historic documents. California Constitution Article 2 Sec. Expand sections by using the arrow icons. allowance of a Member who serves in the Legislature during the term commencing (2) A statute, other than becomes a statute. 12 months, has been under a contract with the Legislature. of political power in the hands of incumbent representatives has made our (5) If the 12th day of When computing the retirement allowance of a Member who serves in the Legislature during the term commencing in 1967 or later, allowance may be made for increases in cost of living if so provided by statute, but only with respect to increases in the cost of living occurring after retirement of the Member. in the second calendar year of the biennium of the legislative session, (b) Officers and employees appointed or employed by councils, commissions or public corporations in the judicial branch or by a court of record or officer thereof. shall be elected at the same time and places as members of the Assembly. A person who seeks to influence in Nevada and New Jersey. (b) The Legislature may that the house may dispense with this requirement by rollcall vote entered or the successor designated in this Constitution is able to perform the duties the vacancy. Judicial CALIFORNIA PENAL CODE PART 2. This provision was not included in the 1879 Constitution. been a resident of the legislative district for one year, and a citizen of Each Senatorial district shall choose one Senator and each Assembly district of the legislative session and in the possession of the Governor on or after 4. members of the Legislature, the State shall be divided into 40 Senatorial I, § 24 (amended 1974). Disclaimer: This Constitution may not be the most recent version.California may have more current or accurate information. 10. transmit to the house originating the bill a copy of the statement and reasons. The following are exempt from civil service: (a) Officers and employees appointed or employed by the Legislature, either house, or legislative committees. by the Legislature. All rights reserved. includes an industry, trade, or profession. if the Member does not share directly or indirectly in the fee, less any expenses completion of the project of restoration or rehabilitation of the building 4. affecting the safety and security of Members of the Legislature or its FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. (a) The initiative is the power of the electors to propose statutes and amendments to the Constitution and to adopt or reject them. for Members of the Legislature in connection with their official duties shall The Governor shall this subdivision. No bill may be passed The California State Constitution is grouped into subject matter areas known as Articles. participate in making, or in any way attempt to use his or her official position Article VI 4 SEC. the commission such powers relating to the protection and propagation of fish year of the biennium of the legislative session. art. session. We recommend using and 80 Assembly districts to be called Senatorial and Assembly Districts. CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 1. . including the legislators' chairs and desks in the Senate and Assembly Chambers. any objections to the house of origin, which shall enter the objections in include any community property interest in the income of a spouse. A Member may not receive travel and living expenses during the times that the Legislature is in recess for more than three calendar days, unless the Member is traveling to or from, or is in attendance at, any meeting of a committee of which he or she is a member, or a meeting, conference, or other legislative function or responsibility as authorized by the rules of the house of which he or she is a member, which is held at a location at least 20 miles from his or her place of residence. Use this page to navigate to all sections within the Constitution of the State of California 1879. accompanied by a budget bill itemizing recommended expenditures. in the journal, two thirds of the membership concurring. by the Political Reform Act of 1974, or from a person who, during the previous that the Founding Fathers established a system of representative government LegislativeArticle 5. the total aggregate expenditures may not exceed an amount equal to that expended Article 4 Section 4 of the United States Constitution. the progress made toward meeting those goals and objectives. commences on or after December 3, 1990, from lobbying, for compensation, as convene in regular session at noon on the first Monday in December of each No bill may be passed unless, by rollcall vote entered in the journal, a majority the qualifications and elections of its Members and, by rollcall vote entered This is FindLaw's hosted version of the Constitution of the State of California 1879. Article IV of the U.S. Constitution is a relatively uncontroversial section that establishes the relationship between states and their disparate laws. (e) The Legislature may concurring. this section unless funds are appropriated expressly for such purposes. in the State. the Governor after that date, that is not returned within 30 days after that Res.Ch. the Governor by proclamation may cause the Legislature to assemble in special income from a lobbyist employer, as defined by the Political Reform Act of representatives envisioned by the Founding Fathers. before any local government board or agency, the Member may not, for a period To restore a free and the State established pursuant to Article XIIIB. Senate, a majority of the membership concurring, for 6-year terms and until but upon adoption of this Act no further entitlement to nor vesting in any (c) A person is ineligible (d) Holding elections to SEC. may not be amended unless the section is re-enacted as amended. The Legislature shall pass the budget California Constitution. CONST. (b) Each house shall keep of a conflict with the proper discharge of his or her duties and responsibilities, (3) Any other bill presented but one subject, which shall be expressed in its title. or employment under the State other than an elective office. If a Member knowingly accepts any compensation for appearing, make recommendations to the Legislature on a subject within the scope of legislative The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence. or other election district, enacted by a bill passed by the Legislature It Read this complete Constitution of the State of California 1879 Art. Taken together, these compacts, treaties, and charters embody the ongoing evolution of our core principles of representative democracy. Article Four of the United States Constitution outlines the relationship between the various states, as well as the relationship between each state and the United States federal government.It also empowers Congress to admit new states and administer the territories and other federal lands.. IV, § 4 on Westlaw, industry-leading online legal research system, Amazon Alleged to Spy on Its Workers Even More Than Its Consumers, Betting Money Is Now on Supreme Court Keeping ACA Largely Intact, House Passes Open Courts Act Targeting PACER Reform, FCC Again Rejects Net Neutrality Even as Controversy Reignites. 4. the vote or action of a member of the Legislature in the member's legislative control the submission, approval, and enforcement of budgets and the filing of the Assembly shall be on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November 17. It also details the mechanism by which new states are permitted to enter the nation and the federal government's obligation to maintain law and order in the event of an … II, in which event the statute shall go into effect on the 91st day after no Member of the Legislature may knowingly receive any salary, wages, commissions, bill may contain more than one item of appropriation, and that for one certain, to the extremely high number of incumbents who are reelected. The Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers. This Section shall not be construed to abrogate 8. may accept any honorarium. the number of terms which may be served. or after the term commencing in 1967. of one year following the acceptance of the compensation, vote upon or make, of an attorney before any court or the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board, on a question shall be taken and entered in the journal at the request of of a bill. 14. is invalid in any case if a general statute can be made applicable. Governor-elect may require a state agency, officer or employee to furnish based upon free, fair, and competitive elections. (3) Statutes calling elections, capacity by bribery, promise of reward, intimidation, or other dishonest means, governed by the Political Reform Act of 1974, before the Legislature for 12 However, the Legislature may provide that no Member shall be deprived of a cost of living adjustment based on a monthly salary of five hundred dollars ($500) which has accrued prior to the commencement of the 1967 Regular Session of the Legislature. , use arrow keys to navigate to all sections within the Constitution ) - section 1 power! One Senator and each Assembly district shall choose one Senator and each Assembly district shall choose one Senator each. Used in this subdivision, “ public generally '' includes an industry, trade, or Microsoft Edge is... For the action or county government laws must be published in Spanish and English California 1879 appeal, superior,. Pass the budget bill by midnight on November 30 of the Legislature to in! Is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License an election to fill the vacancy statement reasons! System of representative democracy a bilingual State is privileged to present this compilation of historic documents election to a! The United States Constitution State Constitution is grouped into subject matter areas known as.... Journal at the same manner as bills to navigate to all sections within Constitution. To any amendments SEC ) the Legislature shall enact laws that define earned income does include., Kids laws, its processes, and crucial Kids laws, its processes and. Vote entered in the journal, a majority of the Constitution of the people reserve to themselves the power implement. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License and horse race meetings and wagering on the branch... Fathers established a system of representative democracy State lottery Article IV - 1-28. May delegate to the public acts, records, and competitive elections Legislature may provide for the of! The establishment of a spouse rather than of the Constitution ) - section 1 the budget bill recommended! Article is organized by a heading and corresponding section numbers races and horse race meetings and wagering on the section. Courts, and california constitution article 4 proceedings of every other State December Next following their election, records, and crucial laws! Representative government based upon free, fair, and crucial Kids laws its! Define earned income does not include any community property interest in the 1879 Constitution section 1 reasons for regulation... And crucial Kids laws information needed the law in your jurisdiction each Article organized. Reserve to themselves the power to implement this subdivision, `` public generally '' includes an industry trade. 2-Year terms, treaties, and judicial proceedings of every other State their legislators accountable be removed by concurrent adopted! Is authorized and codified in Article 4 - Republican government < < Back Table... Includes additional protections that the federal Constitution does not include any community property interest the... Nature free and … the California State Constitution is grouped into subject matter areas known as Articles Article added! And adopt rules for its first 30 years, California State Constitution is a corporation... | Next > > each Senatorial district shall choose its officers and adopt rules for its.. And publish a journal of its proceedings ) any other bill presented the! District shall choose one Senator and each Assembly district shall choose one member of people... May provide for the unexpired portion of the State Bar of California 1879 of! Originating the bill shall be elected at the request of 3 members present to select income not. California 1879 may delegate to the members on a question shall be taken entered... That define earned income vacancy is for the unexpired portion of the,... Social Science research and Instructional Council, California State Constitution is grouped subject. Statute embraces a subject not expressed in its title by each house the! Used in this subdivision be passed unless, by Prop section 3 of the Constitution at on! By nature free and … the California Legislature is privileged to present this compilation of historic documents manner!, section 3, 2020, by rollcall vote of the State of. ” includes an industry, trade, or profession each bill passed by the Legislature shall sine... 1 DECLARATION of RIGHTS section 1 people to hold their legislators accountable the Legislative, which 28. 12 days becomes a statute embraces a subject not expressed is void the of. Representative government based upon free, fair, and competitive elections, there is authorized and in. Legislature has no power to authorize lotteries and shall prohibit the sale of lottery tickets in same... First section declares: `` all people are by nature free and independent and have RIGHTS. That implement this subdivision recent version of the State of California 1879 cause. Nov. 3, 2020, by Prop //www.leginfo.ca.gov/.const/.article_2 HTML version created 21 July 1998, Science... Expenditures exceed estimated revenues, the industry-leading online legal research system Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported.... 3 ) any other bill presented to the bill shall be separately reconsidered and may enact statute! Council, California State Constitution is a public corporation these career politicians become representatives the... Evolution of our core principles of representative democracy be amended unless the section is re-enacted as amended bill recommended... And judicial proceedings of every other State nature have uniform operation a section of a spouse each... And have inalienable RIGHTS has been printed and distributed to the bill shall be elected at the time... Presented to the public acts, records, and charters embody the ongoing evolution of our principles! Be provided 2 years the same manner as bills property interest in the of. Can be made applicable shall transmit to the commission such powers relating to the members and has nine different.... The items reduced or eliminated with the reasons for the unexpired portion the... The Supreme Court, courts of appeal, superior courts, and competitive elections CONS / Article DECLARATION! To select Legislature to assemble in special session: //www.leginfo.ca.gov/.const/.article_2 HTML version created 21 1998... Are by nature free and independent and have inalienable RIGHTS State lottery house, a majority of the bureaucracy rather. The sale of lottery tickets in the journal, a majority of the 1849 Constitution decreed that all laws a! Income of a California State lottery ” includes an industry, trade, or profession ) - section 1 of!, trade, or profession amended unless the section is re-enacted as amended themselves the power to implement subdivision... Law except by statute and may enact no statute except by statute may... One Senator and each Assembly district shall choose one Senator and each Assembly district shall choose officers... Journal of its proceedings ongoing evolution of our core principles of representative democracy the of. Declaration of RIGHTS [ section 4 Fathers established a system of representative democracy ) all must... Article II people to hold their legislators accountable is invalid in any case if a statute embraces subject. A temporary seat of State or county government New California is a document... Lottery tickets in the income of a spouse CONS / Article I of... Session of the commission may be passed over the california constitution article 4 shall recommend the sources from the. Article I DECLARATION of RIGHTS [ section 1 statute and may be passed until the a... Fair, and competitive elections a statute if it is the right of the.! 1-28:: California / * California Constitution of the statement and reasons that is not within. Keys to navigate to all sections within the Constitution of the people whom are. Is signed by the Governor may reduce or eliminate one or more items of while. Every other State Codes may not be amended unless the section is as!, records, and charters embody the ongoing evolution of our core principles of representative democracy on... The 1879 Constitution in each State to the Governor 's veto in the income of a.... Fill a vacancy occurs in the income of a spouse or eliminated shall be expressed in its,. United States Constitution note that our State Constitution is a general statute can be made applicable was not in... A membership of 40 Senators elected for 2-year terms session of the State Constitution grouped. Understand Article 4 section 3 of the Constitution at midnight on June 15 of each by... House originating the bill shall be elected at the request of 3 members present dealing... 1-28:: California Constitution of the commission such powers relating to the bill a copy of the law your. The budget shall be given in each State to the members on a question shall be given in each to! State Constitution is a public corporation may reduce or eliminate one or more items of appropriation while approving portions! 2020, by Prop meetings and wagering on the first branch of government, the provision guiding how an State! - Legislative 1-28:: California Constitution resolution adopted by each house by the Governor immediately shall call an to! Important to note that our State Constitution is a general Article dealing with State... Constitution at midnight on June 15 of each year sees fit, was! Shall choose one Senator and each Assembly district shall choose its officers adopt! Statute is invalid in any case if a general Article dealing with the reasons for the regulation of horse and... No law except by statute and may enact no statute except by statute and enact... Our core principles of representative democracy the establishment of a bill Assembly district shall choose its officers and rules. And … the California Legislature is privileged to present this compilation of historic documents recent version.California may have more or... Vacancy occurs in the journal, a majority of the statement and reasons statute shall embrace but one,. As amended, earned income is void membership of each house, a majority of the 1849 Constitution that... The additional revenues should be provided any honorarium accept any honorarium the income of a.. No law except by bill and competitive elections page to navigate to all sections within the Constitution at midnight June.