Irrigate your ZZ until water drains from the pot before transplanting if it is root-bound. Yellowing leaves and discolored stems also need to be dealt with. Here are a few tips for repotting your Zamioculcas zamiifolia. Sever any roots encircling other roots at the point they make contact with hand pruners or garden shears. How to plant the ZZ plant Repotting your ZZ plant. There is no exact timeframe as to when they require repotting, as it depends on the individual Zz plant’s growth and development. Since rhizomes are slow, it is best to look at leaf cuttings as the source of material for propagation. As mentioned, Zz plants grow quickly, and because of that, they require repotting now and then. ZZ plants can grow fast, and they will need a new pot every 2-3 years. The ZZ plant is native to parts of Africa. Repot a ZZ plant that has just been purchased to a pot that is slightly larger in size, 1 inch wider across than the previous (2.5 cm). Raven ZZ care How to plant and repot the raven ZZ. How to Repot a ZZ Plant. Signs of a root-bound plant include cracked or misshapen pots, roots protruding through the pot’s drainage holes, rapid wilting, stunted growth and early browning of leaves. Additionally, checking to see if they have roots may actually kill the cutting, but if you have more than one you still have a chance of more ZZ plants. All About That Rhizome Growing Zamioculcas Raven indoors The ZZ plant is an easy to grow and care for indoor plant that displays small glossy leaves on stems which can grow up to 3 ft long indoors. Some houseplants can root in just a glass of water; however, rooting ZZ plant in water will likely result in a rotten cutting and isn’t the best way to establish new plants. Dividing it seemed to be a logical solution and is one way of propagating a ZZ Plant. The ZZ plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) is native to tropical regions in Africa. The zamioculcas zamiifolia (botanical name) grows well in low or bright lighting conditions and with frequent or much less frequent amounts of water. Read on to learn how to repot cuttings or entire ZZ plants. Although ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) do well in lower light situations, they can be grown in higher light as long as it's not in full direct sun, which can cause leaf burn. Scrape off as much old soil as possible by hand. However, most of us don’t have greenhouse conditions so the process could take nine months or more. It was “discovered” by Europeans in 1829, but didn’t become popular as a houseplant until the late 1990’s when Dutch nurseries began growing it for sale. You can use the same size pot that you purchase your zz plant in forever if you want. Credit: Terrain. It isn’t necessary to repot yearly. When and How to Repot ZZ Plants. To transplant a ZZ plant, use a garden fork to dig out the rhizomes, digging carefully to avoid damaging the plant. He lives in Europe where he bakes with wild yeast, milks goats for cheese and prepares for the Court of Master Sommeliers level II exam. Position the ZZ on top of the moist soil. Then insert it into your medium, cut end down. ZZ plants grow from large thick rhizomes. Some growers have mentioned the nine month period as the end of all your waiting, but it could take even longer if the cutting doesn’t have enough light and temperatures aren’t warm enough. I did a bit of a plant-pot-swap-around with some of my outdoor plants to free up some pots to use for this. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Propagation of ZZ plants by division can only be done once in a while. Check for roots and rhizome formation after a month. Fill the area around the root ball with potting medium to the top of the pot. This blog is all about how to propagate your ZZ plant through a leaf cutting or a stem cutting. This can form a compacted, hard ball that comes out of the pot with effort, retaining the shape of the pot. Place in a warm area with bright light during the day. For small plants, you need to choose a pot that is 1-2 inches (2-5 cm) larger than the current one. This is best done in spring or summer; early fall is fine if you’re in a warm climate. At best, it should have superior drainage. Repot ZZ plant in the spring, using a planting container with a drainage hole in the bottom. While they’re slow growing, they’re incredibly easy to … By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Andrews' work has appeared in Food and Wine, Fricote and "BBC Good Food." Suggestions and Hints for Removing a Root-Bound Plant From Its Container, How to Transplant Split Leaf Philodendrum. In this post, l’ll review ZZ plant care and ZZ plant propagation. Zamioculcas zamiifolia (more commonly known as the ZZ plant) is one of the most hardy plants around and perfect for any brown thumb or new plant parent. Position a mesh screen in the bottom of the new pot. As Zamioculcas zamiifolia was long and difficult to say, many nursery workers simply shortened it to ZZ. The tangled knot of roots can stress the plant and deprive it of nutrients, water, and food. Place enough moist potting medium in the bottom of the pot so that the top of the root ball sits about one inch below the lip. Repotting a ZZ PLANT. That new growth is spring green, as opposed to the older dark green foliage, so the plant was putting on a beautiful show. Above: A four-inch ZZ Plant comes in a plastic nursery pot; $11 from The Sill. Use enough of each ingredient in the potting ... Irrigate your ZZ until water drains from the pot before transplanting if it is root-bound. Once you have a few tiny rootlets and the bud of a rhizome, you can transplant the cuttings to larger containers. Dig around the perimeter of the pot with a garden trowel if removing a ZZ plant from a pot with a 12-inch diameter or larger. The botanic name for the ZZ Plant is Zamioculcas zamiifolia and it also goes by the name Zanzibar Gem. Take your ZZ plant leaf cuttings from mature stems. Cut three or four shallow, vertical slices through the sides of the root ball with a utility knife. You should consider repotting your ZZ plant if you notice it is developing a crowded root system. As your ZZ Plant grows, you may wonder when to repot it. ZZ Plant propagation is commonly done in one of two ways. They need to be in well-drained soil or the newly forming rhizomes will mold and fall away. It hails from the Southeast coast of Africa and has been an important houseplant in the industry for years. Use enough of each ingredient in the potting medium to fill the pot you will put the ZZ in. ZZ plants have rhizomes -- large fleshy storage roots. The best mixture for rooting is often one that is almost soilless. The new … But changing out pots annually when the plants are actively growing helps ensure your plants’ longevity without worrying about overgrown roots or degraded soil. Propagation of ZZ plants by division can only be done once in a while. A rootbound plant means that the roots have completely taken up the pot, often circling and creating a dense web of roots. 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If the root ball sits below one inch from the lip, add more soil; if it’s closer than one inch from the lip, remove some soil. Don’t tamp down the medium, but allow the water to settle it naturally. First and foremost, remove the ZZ plant from its pot to rescue it from the soil condition if overwatering has been the problem. Position your hand firmly on top of the soil, and turn the pot upside down if removing a ZZ plant from a 4- to 10-inch pot. Be very patient. But if you do want to repot your zz plant, just plop them in a larger pot and prune the roots a bit to avoid them getting root-bound. This is because the plant produces new rhizomes very slowly, and removing some frequently will damage the parent plant. If the time to repot your ZZ plant has come, it’s best to choose a slightly larger container. Allow the cut end to callus over for a few hours. But how will you know if your ZZ plant has outgrown its current pot, and what signs should you look for? For more information about ZZ toxicity, click here. Try a good potting soil with plenty of vermiculite or perlite added into it or use a mixture of half peat and half perlite. Sign up for our newsletter. Gently work the trowel under the root ball on all sides and pry the plant out of the pot. The general rule of thumb for houseplants is to never use a … Take advantage of repotting to split the plant if you’re so inclined. ZZ Plants are considered toxic because they contain a compound called calcium oxalate, which is a known irritant to people. It thrives in zones 9 and 10, but originates from East Africa. Untangle the roots gently using a root hook or your fingers. Repot your ZZ plant into well draining soil and ensure the pot is not excessively large and has plenty of drainage holes. If often means the plant isn't healthy because the roots have replaced the potting soil. I used a mix of sandy cacti compost, horticultural grit and about a third ordinary multipurpose compost. The ZZ plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) gets its common name from its botanical name. Simply put the cuttings somewhere that you will remember to water them occasionally, and wait it out. Shake the pot up and down until the root ball and the surrounding soil slide from the pot. Also, ZZ plants prefer to be kept at a temperature between 65 and 75 degrees Farenheight. Irrigate the potting medium until water drains from the pot. https://thehealthyhouseplant.com/the-complete-guide-for-repotting-zz-plants They do just fine in a small pot. It is such an easy plant that creating more of them to share with friends and family seems like a good idea. I agree with tarev's advice regarding the saucer attached to the container; it should definitely be removed so as to … In late winter/early spring, my ZZ Plant started putting new growth in a big way. ZZ plant leaf cuttings are the recommended method by professional growers and can result in new rhizomes in about 4 weeks when grown in nearly 80 degree Fahrenheit (26 C.) conditions. ZZ plant stems grow in a graceful, wand-like shape that starts thick and bulbous at … This is because the plant produces new rhizomes very slowly, and removing some frequently will damage the parent plant. Learn how to root ZZ plant cuttings for a better chance at success. Mix together equal parts sphagnum peat moss, horticultural perlite, organic compost and sterilized loam. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. ZZ plants (Zamioculcas zamiifolia), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, adapt to low light and aref tolerant of drought conditions, making them ideal for indoor growing. With that in mind, it’s best to repot it every eight months, or every few years. It's just a case of removing the entire plant from the existing container and gently separating some of the tuberous rhizomes. Propagating ZZ plants is as easy as separating these or you can try rooting leaf cuttings. This is usually evident by the rhizomes under the soil pressing up against the edge of the container or warping the shape of the container. If the root ball and soil don’t slide out, tap the lip of pot firmly on a hard surface several times and slide the root ball out. Spread the roots out as much as possible in the bottom of the pot. ZZ plants should be repotted only once they have outgrown their previous potting container. Stems cuttings alone will not work well, but if you take a cutting with two leaves and a bit of stem, the rooting and growth is quicker than just a single leaf and no stem. Here’s a great video from Nature for some more visual tips! Repotting diaries #4: n’joy, silvery ann, pilea, fishbone cactus + zz plant This week I’ve really been getting on top of my plant care + it feels good. It is a good idea to start many cuttings with ZZ plant leaf propagation because some of them may not take off. It is common to find a ZZ plant in an office setting with low light and no fresh air. The perlite or vermiculite will give the medium a light texture and help prevent soil from maintaining too much moisture. For instance, stunted growth, early browning of leaves, soil that frequently dries out and rapid wilting – signs of a root-bound plant – are also signs of fungal diseases. When handling, dividing, or repotting your ZZ Plant, be sure to wear gloves and wash your hands when you are finished if you know you are sensitive to this irritant. Or you might accidentally knock off a stem or leaf and want to save it and propagate a new plant. Repot the ZZ plant in a bigger pot to prevent further damage. ZZs also perform well in a wide range of soil types, so you can repot them in an all-purpose potting mix. The ZZ plant, short for Zamioculcas zamiifolia and nicknamed the Zanzibar Gem, is the perfect low-maintenance and low-light plant. Repot your raven zamioculcas every 2 or 3 years. That said, I found it grows best in a very nutrient poor media but with some dilute fertiliser added every month. Overall, zz plants are a slow growing. Its nickname, “ZZ plant” derives from the first letters of its name. Repotting and growing media Growing media wise, it needs sandy, free draining media to avoid water log and rotting. Check that the new pot has a hole at the bottom. If you wish to repot your ZZ plant, try to use a pot that is of similar size to the pot it came in. The uncomplaining plant, Zamioculcus zamiifolia, is also known as eternity plant, fat boy, aroid palm and many more common names. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Cut back any black, limp and diseased roots to healthy tissue with the pruners or shears. You can remove as much as one-third from the bottom of the root ball when trimming, if necessary. It’s a relatively new introduction ( the late 90’s) ... Repotting/Transplanting. ZZ plant, with its wide, attractive, dark green leaves, boasts many favorable traits for offices and homes. Propagating ZZ plants is as easy as separating these or you can try rooting leaf cuttings. For instance, if repotting in a 12-inch pot, you would need 3 quarts of each ingredient. ZZ plants grow from large thick rhizomes. It’s easy to overlook the signs of a plant that needs repotting, as most of the indicators often lie below the soil level or are mistaken for a different problem. Bonus – Air refresher. ZZ plant tolerates neglect, is drought tolerant, and accepts low-light conditions without throwing a fit. We have already taken a look at what to do if root rot has set in, but what do you do with the rest of the plant. When your plant is bigger, a container that is 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) larger is more than enough. Once you have the correct type of cutting, it is time to consider the medium. ZZ plant is a slow growing, reliable performer that is doggedly loyal even when you mistreat it. Here is what you should take note of: Proper drainage – this plant dies if roots wallow in water. Andrews received formal training at Le Cordon Bleu. It can be challenging for a beginner hobbyist to identify the signs of a root-bound plant. The first is division which means you divide the plant once it's a very large size and too big for its pot. Don’t grab the ZZ plant by its stem to help remove it. Once your plant has been successfully repotted, you should only water your ZZ plant once the potting mix is almost dry. Spring is the best season for repotting. 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