to exist in the county by × These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. The Go Botany project is supported balsam poplar. CT, MA, ME, balsamifera. The Tacamahaca subgenus, or the balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the western balsam poplar. This tree’s leaves are 3-6” long and ovate with a pointed tip. The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. Hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines. Bark: These trees have smooth, light green or whitish bark. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by the average Minnesotan. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. Populus balsamifera . The variety that is native to the continents of Africa and Asia is a small tree of 10 – 12 ft (3-3.6 m) in height. Growth Rate and Mature Height. ; Poplar trees thrive in moist areas with plenty of drainage, according to the Ontario Extension Office. Buds are large, pointed, golden-yellow, covered generously with varnish like resin or pitch, and give off a strong, pungent aroma. Copyright: various copyright holders. Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. All rights reserved. Large trees can be blackish and fissured at the base. Populus balsamifera . Balsam Poplar. 2020 in 20 years). All images and text © Photo by www.raydw.com . Endangered. Interpreting Wetland Status. This tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter. Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves. the state. Populus balsamifera Found this plant? Balsam Poplar. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Balsam poplar can be controlled by 2,4-D + picloram , glyphosate, and hexazinone , and has an intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T . image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Beaver also use the twigs for building their lodges. Balsam poplar twigs are red-gray to brown and the bark is gray-green and smooth that becomes grayer with age and produced flat scaly ridges. Lombardy poplar tree facts tell you that the trees are deciduous. Growth Rate and Mature Height. Interpreting Wetland Status. Endangered. This tree is very sensitive to sulfur dioxide fumigation caused by landfill fires . state. Pennsylvania. Sarg. RI, Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves. This resin is flammable, so the twigs are useful for starting camp fires. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. Although annual growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars can grow 2 feet in a single year. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. P. tacamahaca P. Mill. These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … → The buds are red-brown and pointed. The twigs are light brown to brown with bright lenticels. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. (Wetland indicator code: Your help is appreciated. Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. lanceolata (Marsh.) It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. post Community Description: These partly open to closed canopy forests are dominated by balsam poplar and occur along medium-sized rivers. Non-native: introduced Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. (intentionally or The Balsam poplar in North America is a far more widespread tree where it is planted as timber. balsamifera Endangered. Streaked with brown and grey, the wood is valued for carving and other uses. The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. • It is common in much of Canada’s parkland and boreal forest. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. Photo by www.raydw.com . Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood and a major deciduous tree in Canada and Alaska. Balsam poplar, North American poplar (Populus balsamifera), native from Labrador to Alaska and across the extreme northern U.S. Often cultivated as a shade tree, it has buds thickly coated with an aromatic resin that is used to make cough syrups. Populus Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. Wed 01/05/11. The leaves are ovate, gradually tapering and … ; Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. ×‌jackii Endangered. Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. Crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches. NH, Balsam Poplar Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. All Characteristics, The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin is crenate (with rounded teeth) or crenulate (with tiny, rounded teeth), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth, the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor, the twigs have hairs, but the hairs do not have glands. Other notes. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species native to Alaska, Canada, and the northern part of the continental United States that can grow to 80’ tall. It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. Dark green on the top, light underneath. County documented: documented Balsam Poplar essential oil is also known for its scar reducing and wound healing effects. White Poplar (Populus alba) The white poplar trees grows up to 20 meters and possesses bark that … The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. var. Facts Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. Populus balsamifera L. var. Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. This plant has no children Legal Status. balsamifera – balsam poplar Subordinate Taxa. You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. VT; becoming infrequent in southern New England. CT, MA, ME, Common names are from state and federal lists. Populus balsamifera This association includes a wide range of early seral, wetland, and floodplain species. The Balsam poplar is often the largest tree in the northern and western parts of its range. P. deltoides), and 2- or 3-valved capsules with 7–14 (–20) seeds per placenta (rather than 2-valved capsules with 15–22 seeds per placenta in The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. However, these are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees into ornamentals. 2. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. Buds: Winter buds of poplars have several scales, unlike those of willows, which have a single bud scale. Balsam Poplar. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). balsam poplar. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. P. tacamahaca P. Mill. Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. Lombardy popular grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is found in swampland in the northern half of the country. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species that can grow up to 80' tall. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. Dark green on the top, light underneath. This tree grows mostly in temperate climates. Take a photo and It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. The buds of aspen poplar are not coated with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera). you. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. The balsam poplar, or tacamahac (P. balsamifera), which is native throughout northern North America in swampy soil, is distinguished by its aromatic resinous buds. Aspen poplar is a slender deciduous tree that grows up to 30 m (100 ft.) tall. unintentionally); has become naturalized. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. Balm of Gilead (Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree.The tree is a member of the Bursera family. Can you please help us? Populus balsamifera L. ssp. VT. Our subspecies is Populus balsamifera L. ssp. crispa) . L. ssp. parks tree, single tree or planting in groups, overview leaves | overview blossoms | overview fruit | overview trunkoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Leaves: In aspen, the leaf st… There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. 2. Stout; The aspens are most comfortable in boreal environments dominated by conifers with aspen being a major broad-leaved species. Ref… N. balsam poplar. Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. River shores and banks, forests and forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides. Poplar tree growth rates are affected by a variety of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature. Their diamond-shaped leaves change from bright green to blazing golden yellow, then they fall. P. candicans Ait. For details, please check with your state. It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains. Description. Wed 01/05/11. P. balsamifera L. var. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Discover thousands of New England plants. To reuse an Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. Gray; Also covers Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. Wetland Status. Poplar trees prefer a slightly acidic pH level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level soils, also. The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". populations both exist in a county, only native status is an uncommon hybrid poplar that has escaped from cultivation in Balsam Poplar has been known to have a very strong anti-inflammatory effect. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Populus balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaf underside, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaves, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruit, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) budding, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruits, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) axial-buds, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) terminal bud, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) trunk / stem. In recent years, more interest has been placed on evaluation of hybrid poplar for short-rotation chip production for pulp and energy uses. It grows best in northwestern Canada. Populus deltoides It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars.The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.. P. deltoides), staminate flowers with 25–40 stamens (rather than (30–) 40–80 stamens in Cultivation. However, at this […] We depend on Farw. You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. Simple, alternate on stem, 3" to 6" long; ovate, long pointed, edges finely toothed, dark green and shiny above, pale and often rusty tinged beneath; turns yellow in autumn. This is … Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. lanceolata Marsh. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa). ×‌gileadensis Rouleau. Note: when native and non-native to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within It can be recognized by its broad-ovate or triangular-ovate leaf blades that are acuminate at the apex and borne on weakly compressed petioles, visicid terminal winter buds, terete branchlets (rather than somewhat 4-angled in in part by the National Science Foundation. 2×3. balsam poplar. 1. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. It has long been known by the name On the whole, the flower is inconspicuous. Show Go Botany: Native Plant Trust In Europe, it has no special importance. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. The branches are smooth, round and deep brown. subcordata Hyl. balsam poplar. While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by … Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. The gray-green bark on young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is why theyre often referred to as black poplar too. The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. a sighting. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Also covers those considered historical (not seen candicans (Ait.) FACW). The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North … P. tacamahaca 
 P. Mill. The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. Balsam poplar has an allelopathic effect on green alder (Alnus viridis spp. Balm of Gilead Description. Pennsylvania. They are also gummy, and sometimes release a red resin. State documented: documented P. balsamifera). P. balsamifera L. var. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. Wetland Status. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. 3. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). ; Balsam fir trees (Abies balsamea) are also commonly referred to as the balm of Gilead, Northern balsam, silver pine or blister fir. Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. Poplar tree Facts Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. The edges of … Hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines. NH, Lombardy poplars in landscapes develop small flowers in spring. The buds, one of balsam poplar’s most distinctive features, are large and pointed. var. candicans (Ait.) A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. is shown on the map. The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. General - medium to large-sized, averaging 23 - 30 m (75 - 100 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood. Our Balsam poplar is found in northern parts of the United States and Canada. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. Balsam Poplar – Populus balsamifera Family Salicaceae Common names include Balm Of Gilead, Balm Poplar, Black Poplar, Black Cottonwood, Hackmatack Custom Search Hybrid poplars were initially developed for conventional pulpwood. The seeds hang on 12 – 14 cm (4.7 – 5.5 in) long catkins. The flowers form long catkins up to 8 cm (3.2 in). This ornamental tree is native to cooler climates and is commonly selected for use as a Christmas Tree. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood. Lombardy poplar grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is … Balsam Poplar has been effective in helping eczema when blended in a salve of St. John's Wort . The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. × jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment. RI,