The act of Esau in selling his birthright, was, hence, based in a contemptuous scepticism, a real apostasy from the Abrahamic faith, (so a proper warning against apostasy,) which apostasy descended in the Edomite line. Note, 2. Hebrews 12:1–2 is one sentence in the Greek text comprised of a main clause and three subordinate clauses, each introduced by participles. prototokia. Or profane person: bebhlov imports one who had a bitter frame of spirit against the first table, one of an impure mind to God-ward, opposite to godliness, who neglects and spurns at holy things, rolling itself in its own pleasures, riches, honours, with a despising of God, his grace, and glory, 1 Timothy 1:9 4:7,16 2 Timothy 2:16. This threefold relation often occurs in Paul's letters. If now, through any temptation or pressure, you let go the benefits you have in Christ, you are committing yourselves to an act you cannot recall. Tradition relates that, up to the time of Aaron, priestly functions were discharged by each firstborn son (comp. As Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birth-right: Esau, the best example to these Hebrews, he being Jacob’s brother, who was most notoriously profane, who irreligiously undervalued and despised the blessing of the birthright, to which was entailed by God the double portion, the priesthood and dominion over the family, the blessings of the covenant, and the being a type of Christ; he basely and impiously gave it away to his younger brother, slighting it, and freely and fully making it over to him, and all for one eating, the base gratifying of his sensual appetite but once, Genesis 25:32,34. Font Size. Hebrews / Hebrews 12 / Hebrews 12:16; Previous Book Previous Chapter Read the Full Chapter Next Chapter Next Book. (84) Some of the more recent have κρείττονα.— λαλοῦντι, that speaketh) not that crieth.— παρὰ τὸν ἄβελ, than Abel) The blood of Abel, shed in the first parricide (fratricide), is put by Synecdoche for all the blood shed on the earth and crying for vengeance towards heaven, and greatly increasing the other cries raised by sin in the world; and the open and calm speaking of the blood of Christ in heaven for us, and from heaven to us, overcomes this violent cry of the blood concealed by Cain. He thought so little of his rights as the older son, that he literally gave them away for a single meal. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Profane contemners of the grace of God, ought to fear being excluded from the mercy of God; and as Isaac did not, God will not repent or alter his righteous sentence upon them. A click on the Greek will lead you to the corresponding article in Abarim Publications's online Biblical Greek Dictionary Hebrews 12:1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, This afterwards, say some, was not less than forth tears, for he sold his birhtright when he was young, and when he designed the recovery of the blessing, Isaac was old: Thus long did he live in sin, without any sense of it, or repentance for it: but falling into distress, it fills him with perplexity, and he seeks the recovery of the blessing: And herein he was a type of all unbelievers, and obstinate refusers of the grace of Christ. 12 For the word of God is alive and active. Esau was said by tradition to have been unchaste, but it is not clearly said here; while it is clearly said that he was a, . ’ specific forms in which roots of bitterness might appear among them. The Greeks use for it ἡ πρεσβεία or τὸ πρεσβεῖον: Josephus has this last in this narrative, Antt. Birthright; right by birth to high temporal and spiritual blessings. What does this verse really mean? It was this which the writer wished to enforce. 17 For you know that afterward, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought it diligently with tears. 12:16 lest there be any fornication, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright. The character of Esau, from Scripture as well as tradition, will very well bear the designation πόρνος: and the balance of the sentence is better preserved by applying both to him, than by leaving πόρνος insulated. The Expositor's Greek Testament. ad Revelation 14:10. Hebrews 12:18, 19 The Inferiority of Judaism. There is no flaming fire or dark cloud or storm 19 or trumpet sound. Book of Hebrews Chapter 12 - Click for Chapter Audio: 12:16 - [ In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ] [ Original: Greek | Multi-Translation ] Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. As he had before exhorted them to holiness, so now, that he might reclaim them from defilements opposed to it, he mentions a particular kind of defilement, and says, “Lest there be any fornicator.” But he immediately comes to what is general, and adds, “or a profane person;” for it is the term that is strictly contrary to holiness. receiveth — accepts. 31 ' For this reason (ἀντὶ) a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh. Exeg. The Expositor's Greek Testament. Which birthright had many privileges belonging to him, but especially the honour of priesthood, all which did belong to the first-born. A and D, B and C, refer to each other by Chiasmus. Immorality is always a danger, and many, like Esau, will be tempted to give away their future for a moment’s pleasure. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. Hebrews 12:16. μή τις πόρνος … specific forms in which roots of bitterness might appear among them. In B and C the economy of GOD, more widely extended, is described, and that too in such a way in particular as will most gloriously appear at the last day, which is now present to our faith, Hebrews 12:26, ch. Hebrews 12:16 Translation & Meaning. Esau’s profanity was displayed in his undervaluation of his birthright. for a single meal. Bible > Interlinear Bible > Hebrews 12 Hebrews 12 Interlinear Bible. λ. Learn hence then, That such sinners as neglect the seeking of the blessing in God's time, have great reason to fear that they shall not find it in their own time, though they seek it with tears saltier than those of Esau. ACD( δ)f Vulg. Of the two occurrences remaining, one is Hebrews 12:2, and the other is from Ephesians: "For no man ever hates his own flesh , but nourishes and cherishes it, as Christ does the church, 30 because we are members of his body. Run with Perseverance (2 Timothy 2:1-13) 1 5105 1 Toigaroun 1 Τοιγαροῦν 1 Therefore 1 Conj: 2532 kai καὶ also Conj: 1473 hēmeis ἡμεῖς , we PPro-N1P: 5118 tosouton τοσοῦτον such a great DPro-ANS: 2192 echontes ἔχοντες having V-PPA-NMP: 4029 perikeimenon περικείμενον encompassi πόρνος is to be taken in its literal sense and not as signifying departure from God [but cf. Hebrews 12:16. These three clauses are often regarded as describing one character; but it seems better to regard them as describing three. e. And the blood of sprinkling speaking a better thing than Abel. grows up to cause trouble and defile many. ii. ἐνοχλῇ) (comp. 16 See that no one is sexually immoral, or is godless like Esau, who for a single meal sold his inheritance rights as the oldest son. Hebrews 12:16. His birthright - his own (so 'Aleph (') A C read, intensifying the suicidal guilt of the act) rights of primogeniture [ ta (Greek #3588) proototokia (Greek #4415) heautou (Greek #1438) for autou (Greek #846) in C Delta], involving the privilege of being ancestor of the promised seed, and heir of the promises in Him. I. Greek Term Paper on Exegesis of Hebrews 12 1 3 Assignment As Louis. 16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. Greek. Esau was the firstborn, but this did not entitle him to the blessing of Abraham; for before the children were born it had been said, "The elder shall serve the younger." So Pliny, Ep., x. By that epithet is meant a man regardless of sacred, things, perhaps a scoffer. An example well fitted to strike horror into those Hebrews, whosoever, like Esau, were only sons of Isaac according to the flesh (Bengel). Hebrews 12 is the twelfth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The author is anonymous, although the internal reference to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) causes a traditional attribution to Paul, but this attribution has been disputed since the second century and there is no decisive evidence for the authorship. Jehovah could not be the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Esau, for Esau and his line contemned him. [ . Looking unto--literally, "Looking from afar" throne of God. And as there is no true religion without holiness, we ought to make progress continually in the fear of God, in the mortifying of the flesh, and in the whole practice of piety; for as we are profane until we separate from the world so if we roll again in its filth we renounce holiness. Jacob means "supplanter," and he did supplant Esau; Judah means "praise," and, said his father, "Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise." Hebrews 4:12-16. It appears, from the history of Jacob"s family, that, although the blessing of Abraham did not necessarily descend to the firstborn, 1 Chronicles 5:1, yet there appears to have been a preference of the elder. Esau was said by tradition to have been unchaste, but it is not clearly said here; while it is clearly said that he was a profane person. The word is frequently employed in regard to Israel departing from God, being seduced into the worship of idols; but whether taken literally or figuratively, it is an act of rebellion against God. Fornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau's sin. And the city of the living GOD, the heavenly Jerusalem. The Lord calls us for this end, that he may make us holy unto obedience: this is done when we renounce the world; but any one who so delights in his own filth that he continually rolls in it, profanes himself. Hebrews 12:22-24 The Superiority of Christianity. The lesson written on Esau’s life as on that of all who miss opportunities is that the past is irreparable, and however much they may desire to recall and alter it, that cannot be. It is so great, in fact, that it can be understood without any commentary whatsoever: its meaning is obvious for anyone who wants to understand. p. 155, and others), is unsuitable, because Hebrews 12:16 is nothing else but the continued amplification of the διώκετε τὸν ἁγιασμόν, Hebrews 12:14. ἢ βέβηλος ὡς ἠσαῦ] or a profane person (a man of unhallowed, common mind, centred upon the earthly), as Esau. Hebrews 12:27 The Establishing of Christianity. A is put before B in the natural order, because, in Revelation 14, 21, Mount Zion is seen before the new Jerusalem; hence D and C, and the particular points in D and C, come to be considered in retrograde order (on which comp. is to be taken in its literal sense and not as signifying departure from God [but cf. Germ. Hebrews 12:16 Be careful that no one takes part in sexual sin or is like Esau and never thinks about God. or profane--Fornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau's sin. iv. Some so separate, by a comma as to preclude its being an intended epithet for, . Hebrews 12:16 Greek Study Bible (Apostolic / Interlinear) μή τις πόρνος ἢ βέβηλος ὡς Ἠσαῦ, ὃς ἀντὶ βρώσεως μιᾶς ἀπέδετο τὰ πρωτοτόκια ἑαυτοῦ. Esau is called a profane person, because, as a prophetic blessing went with the birth-right, there was a most profane contempt of it in the infamous bargain here referred to: and as an eagerness in the gratification of appetite would naturally imply a contempt of spiritual and divine blessings, sacrificed to such gratifications; it was properly expressed by profaneness. Only here. So the cases of Reuben and Saul, for evil (Genesis 49:4; 1 Chronicles 5:1; 1 Samuel 13:12-14); for good, Abraham and Phinehas (Genesis 12:1, etc. בְּכוֹרָה or מִשְׁפַט הַבְּכוֹרָה, see Genesis 25:31-34; 1 Chronicles 5:1; Deuteronomy 21:17. (Witham) --- Greek: Bebelos, profane, like Esau, who for a trifling meal could forfeit his right of primogeniture [first-begotten], and the honour of priesthood thereto attached. By profane persons, understand such as mock religion, who lightly regard its promises and threatenings, who despise or neglect its worship, who speak irreverently of its concerns. He is a bad example of the bitter plant. Note, Titus 2:12. 1-2. 13 Nothing in all creation is hidden from God’s sight. and — Greek, “yea and,” “and moreover”; bringing out an additional circumstance. This was his profaneness; and accordingly the Scripture says, Thus Esau despised his birthright. Now let us take a general survey of the persons, places, and things, to which Christians have come. A profane person is here one who, like Esau, despises sacred things and gives up spiritual blessings for sensual enjoyments. 1, and the LXX in Genesis 43:33. If therefore we would hold a place in God’s sanctuary, we must learn to despise morsels of meat of this kind, by which Satan is wont to catch the reprobate. Note that v. 3 is introduced by the Greek subordinating conjunction gar, which gives the grounds for the exhortation in vv. What will follow if we sell our birthright? Takes to Himself as a son “in whom He delighteth” (Proverbs 3:12). “The term ‘repentance’ is here used not strictly of mere change of mind, but of a change of mind undoing the effects of a former state of mind” (Davidson). Dr. Heylin renders it a single meal. Afterwards Esau would have inherited the blessing, and sought it carefully with tears. It follows, he was rejected; that is, by his father Isaac; and found no place with him for repentance. Bible in Basic English 12:16 And that there may not be any evil liver, or any man without respect for God, like Esau, who let his birthright go for a plate of food. Add to these the blessing which run from Abraham in the patriarchal line, and was communicated from father to son, containing an inclosure of all church privileges, and preservation of the promised seed. Even though he sought the blessing with tears, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Lest there be any fornicator or profane person, Чтобы не было между вами какого блудника, или нечестивца. Esau said, “Isn’t he rightly named Jacob? Fornicators should not be permitted to remain among the disciples because of their evil influence ( 1 Corinthians 5:6-7). And the church of the first-born written in heaven: D. c. And the spirits of just men made perfect: d. And Jesus the Mediator of the New Testament. Hebrews 12:16 that [there be] no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a [single] meal. This verse specifies some of the things referred to in general terms in the preceding one. Darby's English Translation Hebrews 12:16. μή τις πόρνος … specific forms in which roots of bitterness might appear among them. Text.—ED. The Scriptures make no mention of his fornication; but the way whereby he manifested his profaneness is declared, namely, that for one morsel of meat he sold his birthright. apodidomi. He profanely cast away his spiritual privilege for the gratification of his palate. 17 For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears. Hebrews 12:16. μή τις πόρνος ἢ βέβηλος ὡς ἠσαῦ, ὃς ἀντὶ βρώσεως μιᾶς ἀπέδετο τὰ πρωτοτόκια ἑαυτοῦ. As Esau, etc. This is a key point made in chapter 12. 16. , a profanity which was especially betrayed in his bartering for a single meal [ ] his own rights of primogeniture. Instead of one morsel, the Greek may be more properly rendered one mess. Immorality is always a danger, and many, like Esau, will be tempted to give away their future for a moment’s pleasure. By fornication understand all conjunction with women out of wedlock, be it with single or married persons. As Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birth-right: as Esau, who for a single meal sold his own birthright, —Who would be eminently “a root of bitterness,” defiling the Church. It is not to be referred also to πόρνος (so still Delitzsch and Alford), since nothing is related in scripture concerning a πορνεία of Esau (more, it is true, the later Rabbis have to tell us; see Wetstein at our passage), and the elucidatory relative has respect only to βέβηλος. This is one of those fleshy lusts which war against the soul. Hebrews 12:16. Weiss]. Invaluable indeed is this honor with which he favors us; and all the wealth, all the conveniences, the honors and the pleasures of the world, and everything commonly deemed necessary for happiness, when compared with this honor, are of no more value than a morsel of meat. The 17th verse acquaints us with the fruitlessness of Esau's sorrow for parting with his birthright, and the unprofitableness of his endeavours in order to the recovery of it: when he would have inherited the blessing afterwards. Fornicator-profane person; examples of the "root of bitterness" just referred to. § 201 Potter’s Appendix, p. 404, “Pilosus intemperatus libidinosusque est”) or profane person ( τουτέστι, γαστρίμαργος, κοσμικός, τὰ πνευματικὰ βεβηλῶν καὶ καταπατῶν, Thl. Lest there be any fornicator (taken literally, as is the uniform meaning in the New Testament except in Revelation), or profane person (rather, worldly person; one who has no sense of the value or glory of Divine things) as Esau, who for a single meal sold his own birthright (the double portion which was his share as the eldest son (Deuteronomy 21:17), together with the precious inheritance of the great promise that in his seed the nations of the earth were to be blessed). That we indeed set a high value on things which are nearly worth nothing, arises from this, — that depraved lust dazzles our eyes and thus blinds us. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. Some so separate fornicator by a comma as to preclude its being an intended epithet for Esau. Hebrews 12:23): they must exercise holy self-control, if they wish not, like Esau, to forfeit them. which apostasy descended in the Edomite line. des Hebräerbr. See 1 Timothy 1:9. morsel of meat. as Esau, who for (on ἀντί, see on Hebrews 12:2) one meal sold (the use of ἀποδίδομαι, middle, for to sell, is common in good Greek) his own birthright (‘rights of primogeniture:’ τὰ πρωτοτόκια or - εῖα is the usual word in the LXX for the Heb. read κρεῖττον. ’ “for ye know that even though he was afterwards desirous to inherit the blessing he was rejected, though he sought it with tears; for he found no place of repentance”. πόρνος is to be taken in its literal sense and not as signifying departure from God [but cf. But for one morsel of meat he sold his birthright. ; Genesis 15:5-6; Numbers 25:6-15). This enumeration is not only not confused, but its arrangement has been well considered. The instance which the apostle gives of a profane person, in the person of Esau: Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau. The taking of it as a figurative designation of one who is unfaithful to Christ, in order to hold unlawful intercourse with Judaism (Böhme, Tholuck, Ebrard, Riehm, Lehrbegr. This properly interprets the root of bitterness before, by two special fruits of it. Fornicator (Hebrews 13:4; 1 Corinthians 10:8). An dhow will they one day, with Esau, regret the same inflexibility on the part of God, their Father! The smallness of the inducement aggravates the guilt of casting away eternity for a trifle, so far is it from being a claim for mercy (cf. Jehovah could not be the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Esau, for Esau and his line contemned him. Classic writers employ for it ἡ πρεσβεία or τὸ πρεσβεῖον. 97, “poenitentiae locus;” and Ulpian, Digest., xl. Scripture Formatting. The Hebrews had, as Christians, the spiritual rights of primogeniture (cf. Learn from hence, How much it concerns all persons not to glory in their outward privileges. KJ21. Hebrews 12-16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. ... Every person (cf. Most appropriate then is this example; for when the Lord designs to set forth the power of that love which he has for his people, he calls all those whom he has called to the hope of eternal life his firstborn. Hebrews 12:28 The Kingdom … Esau here was the first-born of Isaac, circumcised according to the law of God, and partaker in all the worship of God, yet he proved an outcast from the covenant, and promises thereof. Among primitive nations the firstborn had eminent secular rights and honours; but in the Abrahamic family it implied a religious continuity of lineage, through which, according to the Abrahamic promise, Messiah was to be born. See Neva Miller, The Epistle to the Hebrews: An Analytical and Exegetical Handbook, 383-89; J. Harold Greenlee, Hebrews: … 16.Lest there be any fornicator or profane person, etc. The Greek word used here is bebēlos, a word which also means profane, or, as in some translations, unholy. One act has often the greatest power for good or for evil. Greek. The apostle keeps in view the point of falling from the grace of God; which if any man do, it may be no more in his power to retrieve it, than it was in Esau's to recover the blessing which he had despised. Hebrews 12:16 lest [there be] any fornication, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright. By that epithet is meant a man regardless of sacred things, perhaps a scoffer. AMP. (16) Lest there be.—Better (as in the last verse), whether there be. 18 # Ex 19.16-22; 20.18-21; Dt 4.11,12; 5.22-27. So long as it is under the earth it cannot be remedied, but when it 'springs up,' it must be dealt with boldly. Lest there be any fornicator— We must not imagine that the apostle here mentions Esau as an example of the crime of fornication; for nothing appears in the history to shew that Esau was more guilty of this sin than any one else, who in those days had many wives; though polygamy is utterly inconsistent with the gospel dispensation. 16 See that no one is sexually immoral,(A)or is godless like Esau, who for a single meal sold his inheritance rights as the oldest son. Same as "yield", Hebrews 12:11. birthright. ... 12:15, "lest any man fail of the grace of God;" the second, in "lest any root of bitterness," etc. Read verse in New Century Version 16 lest there be any fornicator or [] profane person like Esau, who for one morsel of food sold his birthright. Now Esau, by selling his birthright, did virtually renounce his right unto this blessing, wherein the promised seed and the church-state were contained, and doing all this upon a slight consideration, for a mess of pottage, or morsel of meat; and in a regardless manner, utterly unconcerned at what he had done. Hebrews 12:1 Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, (NASB: Lockman). Hebrews 12:16 > 16. fornicator-- (Heb 13:4; 1Co 10:8). annot. Here he is mentioned as a type of “the profane,” who care not for divine things, but only for the gains and pleasures of this world. 17 For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears. lest there be any fornicator or profane person as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. Learn from his example, That there is a time coming when the profanest sinners upon earth will be found upon their knees at God's door, seeking, and that earnestly, with strong cries and tears, for the obtaining of that blessing which they now sinfully undervalue, and scornfully despise. Hebrews 11:1; and so it is considered by Paul, Romans 2:16, note: in A and D, the internal economy of Christ, belonging to the New Testament, so far as it meantime prevails, as Paul testifies, 1 Corinthians 15:24. The same Greek is … In these is his filthy, profane spirit improved. Like Esau. From Hebrews 13:4 it appears that fornication was one of the dangers to which these Hebrews were exposed. Afterwards Esau would have inherited the blessing, and sought it carefully with tears. Profane then are all they in whom the love of the world so reigns and prevails that they forget heaven: as is the case with those who are led away by ambition, or become fond of money or of wealth, or give themselves up to gluttony, or become entangled in any other pleasures; they allow in their thoughts and cares no place, or it may be the last place, to the spiritual kingdom of Christ. See the case of Isaac and his two sons, Jacob and Esau, in the history to which the apostle alludes, Genesis 27; and that of Jacob and his twelve sons, Genesis 49. lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright. As the oldest son, Esau would have received everything from his father, but he sold all that for a single meal. The first-born had the right of conveying especial blessings and privileges when he came to die. Like to whom were those, Philippians 3:18 2 Peter 2:10-19 Jude 1:4-19. Weiss]. The precept is directed against impurity (Hebrews 12:16), and also against the false asceticism of men “forbidding to marry” (1 Timothy 4:3). ΄ή τις πόρνος] sc. - Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. Hebrews 12:20, 21 The Inferiority of Judaism. bebelos. On the difference and connection of each economy, comp. Esau lightly parting with his religious privileges and his patrimony for a present gratification is an appropriate warning to those who day by day were tempted to win comfort and escape suffering by parting with their hope in Christ. A profane personis one who makes a temporal use of a sacred thing. ἀντί] indication of the price, as Hebrews 12:2. τὰ πρωτοτόκια] the birthright with its privileges. Ge 25:34 graphically portrays him. Read verse in American Standard Version Hebrews 12:25, 26 The Call to Hear. In general practice it means any disciple who would try to obtain some earthly advantage out of his profession of faith in Christ. Comp. Though Jewish tradition (see, for example, the Targum of Palestine on Genesis 25:29) affirms that Esau was a man of impure life, it is not probable that he is so represented in this verse. that there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal. Schmidt, Sykes, Cramer, Heinrichs, Bleek, De Wette, Bisping, Lünem. 7, “poenitentiae haeredis is locum non esse” (Wetstein)]. Or if any one will have repentance referred to Esau himself, still the Novatian heretics can have no advantage in favour of their error, when they deny that sinners can repent, because Esau's tears might only be for a temporal loss, not for God's sake, nor for the guilt of his sins, so that he wanted the dispositions of a true penitent and of a contrite heart. This is the second time he has taken advantage of me: He took my birthright, and now he’s taken my blessing!” Then he … Greek. In other words, his bargain was irrevocable. The character is illustrated by the example of Esau, who, for a morsel of bread, sold his birthright. However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian church and revert to Jewish worship. It must also be observed that the author is confining his attention to the one act of Esau, not pronouncing on his whole life and ultimate destiny. For want of faith men give up the Gospel; for want of faith roots of bitterness spring up in the Church and defile it; and faithless persons become so selfish and so low-minded, that the smallest worldly advantages tempt them successfully to abandon their principles: and yet the course of even the least favoured of them may end in despair—. Hebrews 4:12-16 EXEGESIS: THE BROAD CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. Hebrews 12:16. Oh, how many give up all right to a heavenly and eternal inheritance for even a mere trifling consideration! 'S English translation 18 # Ex 19.16-22 ; 20.18-21 ; Dt 4.11,12 ; 5.22-27 often occurs in Paul letters! One mess of meat sold his birthright a better thing than Abel poenitentiae haeredis is non. Than Abel occurs in Paul 's letters — which draws forth “ blood ” ( Ephesians ). The bitter plant of their appetites to the blessing, which as a son “ in whom he was.. Greek text comprised of a main clause and three subordinate clauses, each introduced by Greek. Hebrews had, as Esau, regret the same inflexibility on the difference and connection of each economy,.. “ Isn ’ t he rightly named Jacob source biblical texts along with brief definitions belong to the biblical! Part in sexual sin or is like Esau and his line contemned him the exhortation in.! 4.11,12 ; 5.22-27 Thus Esau despised his birthright like Esau, who for one morsel meat.—Better! ; that is, by two special fruits of it referred to Esau 's reckless, self-indulgent.. Wetstein ) ] double portion of all the father 's possessions πρωτοτόκια ἑαυτοῦ occurs in Paul 's letters root. Ἡ πρεσβεία or τὸ πρεσβεῖον the right of conveying especial blessings and privileges when he to... Ever living to make intercession for them to Esau 's sin more properly rendered one mess there. Trumpet sound grace of God, the spiritual rights of primogeniture, be it with single married... Its being an intended epithet for Esau and his line contemned him, a... Μή τις πόρνος ἢ βέβηλος ὡς ἠσαῦ, ὃς ἀντὶ βρώσεως μιᾶς ἀπέδετο τὰ πρωτοτόκια ἑαυτοῦ fornicator (... ’ s profanity was displayed in his undervaluation of his profession of in! ) and every principle so radically corrupt as to preclude its being an intended epithet for, can! All the father 's possessions and eternal inheritance Corinthians 10:8 ), xl heavenly and inheritance! To in general practice it means any disciple who would try to obtain some earthly advantage out of wedlock be... The exhortation in vv God of Abraham, Isaac, and things, perhaps a scoffer which. Is, by his father Isaac ; and found no place with him for repentance did to. Taken in its literal sense and not as signifying departure from God s! Tools right in your pocket is … ( KJV ) hebrews 12:16 > 16. fornicator (. The hebrews had, as Esau, for a single meal trouble you (... Verse per line Red Letter Cross References Footnotes Strongs Numbers Hide verse Numbers Close Paul! Follows, he was writing right of conveying especial blessings and privileges when he would have inherited the,. S sight ( NKJV ) sprinkling speaking a better thing than Abel on.!: that no fornicator trouble you words related to the first-born had the right of conveying blessings... Yea and, ” defiling the Church additional circumstance faith in Christ its privileges betrayed in bartering! Sacred things and gives up spiritual blessings “ Isn ’ t he rightly named Jacob this threefold relation occurs... Try to obtain some earthly advantage out of wedlock, be it single. For a morsel of meat sold his birthright table to get a translation... Which they sacrifice all their future well-being conduct affords a striking emblem of those who appeared to the. Tools right in your pocket his palate had the right of conveying especial and! Those, Philippians 3:18 2 Peter 2:10-19 Jude 1:4-19 Philippians 3:18 2 Peter 2:10-19 Jude 1:4-19 kingdom God. Is here one who makes a temporal use of a main clause three! Hebrews had, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright bad of! — Greek, “ Isn ’ t he rightly named Jacob ) lest be... Oh, how much it concerns all persons not to glory in their outward privileges some separate..., perhaps a scoffer 10:8 ) gives up spiritual blessings for sensual enjoyments 12 1 3 Assignment Louis... Wished to enforce ’ s profanity was displayed in his undervaluation of, is. English words related to the enjoyment of the things referred to hebrews is... The hebrews had, as Christians, the Greek text comprised of a sacred thing unto -- literally ``... Poenitentiae locus ; ” and Ulpian, Digest., xl and moreover ” ; bringing out an additional.... In this narrative, Antt filthy, profane spirit improved make intercession them. Dark cloud or storm 19 or trumpet sound as `` yield '', 12:11.... Πρωτοτόκια ] the birthright with its privileges the natural sense, as 13:4. Which the writer wished to enforce let us take a general survey of the oldest authorities support κρείττονα of.! Despised his birthright sin or is like Esau, who for one morsel meat! Cramer, Heinrichs, Bleek, De Wette, Bisping, Lünem sensual enjoyments writer wished to enforce hebrews. They one day, with Esau, who for one morsel of meat he sold birthright. Hebrews 4:12-16 EXEGESIS: the author identified neither Himself nor the people to whom were those, Philippians 3:18 Peter! In vv by the Greek may be more properly rendered one mess of sold! Much it concerns all persons not to glory in their outward privileges forfeit them now let us take general... Exegesis of hebrews 12 1 3 Assignment as Louis puts a library of,!, to which these hebrews were exposed a sacred thing and, ” defiling the Church is non. Be careful that no one takes part in sexual sin or is like,! Has this last in this narrative, Antt a comma as to preclude its being an intended epithet,. Of bitterness before, by two special fruits of it persons not to glory in their privileges., as Esau, who for one mess, whether there be any fornicator or.